Core Curriculum - Overview

SACSA Framework

The South Australian Curriculum Standards and Accountability (SACSA) Framework was introduced in 2001. Like the curriculum documents in other States and Territories the Framework is designed to support continuity of learning from birth to Year 12 and is organised around the eight Learning Areas. Key Ideas within each Learning Area describe the scope of the curriculum while Learning Outcomes describe student achievement. The Key Ideas and Learning Outcomes are written at Standards which represent the expectations we have for learners towards the end of Years 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10. Achievement of a Standard means that a learner has achieved all the Learning Outcomes for a particular Learning Area. The Learning Areas are organised in Strands. Within each Strand there are Key Ideas and in most instances one Learning Outcome corresponds to each Key Idea at each Standard. The exception to this is the English Learning Area where there is one Key Idea for listening and speaking and two Learning Outcomes, one for listening and one for speaking.

The other elements in the South Australian curriculum are also woven into SACSA’s Key Ideas and Learning Outcomes. These elements are the South Australian Essential Learnings, embracing the themes of Identity, Interdependence, Thinking, Futures and Communication; Equity Cross-curricular Perspectives; and Enterprise and Vocational Perspectives.

The SACSA Framework is based on constructivist theories of learning which view the learner as active in the process of taking in information, building knowledge and understanding and applying it in various contexts. The Framework’s Key Ideas and Outcomes provide the opportunities for teaching and learning which build on learners’ prior knowledge and experience and engage them in purposeful, contextualised, challenging, relevant and inherently interesting learning activities.